Grades 1-3 Curriculum


The Foundations and Frameworks instructional reading program introduces students to cause and effect, compare and contrast, character, plot, setting, summary, main idea, story structure, and sequence of events in stories read from trade books, including chapter books. Students continue to learn language arts skills through increasing use of phonics – learning beginning, middle, ending, and vowel sounds. Continued knowledge is developed in the use of contractions, prefixes, suffixes, syllables, diphthongs and decoding vocabulary. The parts of speech are explored and writing skills are more fully developed. Students continue to use their language skills through conversation with peers and adults and by writing stories and letters.



Addition and subtraction with two and three columns is taught, and basic multiplication and division is introduced. Critical thinking skills are reinforced with word problems and mental math exercises, including estimating sums, counting forwards and backwards, and learning even and odd numbers.  Concepts and skills in measurement, time, calendar, and money are reinforced, and decimals, fractions, and graphing are taught. 


Social Studies

Community understanding is elaborated upon as students progress from study of the local neighborhood to the city level of government and the states within the nation. Community rules/laws are examined, leadership roles are introduced, i.e. Mayor, President, Senators, etc., and current events are discussed. Map skills are strengthened by identifying continents, countries, U.S. states and capitols.  



Studies in the life, earth, and physical sciences are introduced in the primary grades, including topics on plants, animals, the human body, rocks, soil, and the solar system. The scientific method is taught and hands-on experiments are conducted. Inquisitiveness and an awareness and appreciation of God’s creation are the foundational skills students develop.


Bible/Christian Concepts

Students focus upon major events in the Bible, characters in the Old Testament and the life of Christ, drawing upon these stories to learn about enjoying the gifts of God, trusting in the promises of God, and remaining faithful to God in good times and bad. The curriculum helps students develop strong characters based upon faith in God.