Grades 4-5 Curriculum


Literature is used to promote comprehension through the Foundations and Frameworks reading program. Concepts and skills that are developed in 4th and 5th grade include summarization, sequence, cause and effect, story elements of plot, setting, characterization and theme, problem solving, collection and classification of information, and the use of reference materials. Students use critical thinking skills, as well as listening and oral communication skills, while reading to draw conclusions and predict outcomes. These skills are put to practice as they create their own stories using a writing process that includes paragraphs, sequencing and grammatical mechanics. Students write and keep a journal in order to master sentence structure using correct vocabulary and punctuation. 


Mastering basic math skills is the goal of instruction in 4th and 5th grades. Students are expected to master addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, and be knowledgeable of math “rules.”  Everyday applications of math are reinforced, including money management and budgeting. More advanced concepts and skills are introduced, such as factors, angles, adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and comparing of fractions and decimals, whole numbers, greatest common factor, ratio, probability, geometry, number theory, and graphing.

Social Studies

Students are introduced to the State of Pennsylvania history, colonial American history, Native American history, and African American heritage. Early explorers are introduced, helping to reinforce geography and map reading skills. Current world events are examined in greater depth as students begin to use more non-fiction texts. 


Studies in the life, earth, and physical sciences are reinforced and expanded upon in the upper elementary grades as students learn in more depth about the human body, the solar system, the earth, weather, oceans, electricity and magnetism. Learning techniques focus on mastering the scientific method and implementing it through experiments and applications to everyday life.

Bible/Christian Concepts

Students study the New Testament, focusing on the life of Christ, the work of the Holy Spirit, and the life and writings of the Apostle Paul, learning how the entire Bible (Old and New Testaments) fits together into one unified story of salvation.